The Tohoku Region (literally “North East Region”) consists of six prefectures, found in the north of Japan’s largest island Honshu. The area is well known for its countryside, mountains, lakes, hot springs, high quality rice and harsh winters. Historical settlement in Tohoku initially occurred between the 7th and 9th centuries, well after civilization and culture had been firmly established in central and southwestern parts of Japan. As the last stronghold of the Emishi (indigenous Tohoku residents) and the site of many rough battles, the region had maintained a degree of autonomy from the central Kyoto government at various times throughout history. The Tohoku Region was hit by a great earthquake and tsunami on March 11, 2011. The damage caused the infamous Fukushima nuclear accident. However most areas of the region are now safe and are welcoming tourists again.